Joint replacement surgery concerned with the treatment of orthopedic issues of various joints in the body, it can be partial, total or revision and is considered as a cure for severe joint pain or when the joints of certain bones damages. Replacement arthroplasty is practiced in which an arthritic or damaged joint is removed and replaced by an artificial joint often made from metal, plastic and ceramic, where that artificial joint is called prosthesis. Most popularly joint replacement takes place as knee and hips replacement, although it is possible at another joint like Shoulder, Ankle, Finger, Elbow, etc.
Artificial Joints will be helpful in :
Causes:- Normally joint bones have a smooth surface which is made up of a substance named articular cartilage on both ends which allows both ends of the joint bone to glide smoothly against another. joints are greased with the fluid like oil which makes movements more easier. when articular cartilage is damaged or fluid is abnormal, the problem creates and joints becomes stiff and painful.
Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries: - Due to the enhancement of technology apart from metal and ceramics, cementless implants are being used for made to order setting and endurance.
Total Hip Replacement: - Total hip replacement is an authenticated treatment for hip arthritis for patients who are more than 60 years. It generally replaces both acetabulum and femur head, in simple words, this surgery replaces the upper end of the femur with a metal ball and resurfaces the hip socket in the pelvic bone with a metal shell and plastic liner. Total hip replacement surgery replaces damaged cartilage with new joint material through a particular procedure of surgery. Purpose of total hip replacement surgery is to providing mobility and relief from arthritis pain.
Total/Partial Knee Replacement:- Osteoarthritis is the main cause for total knee replacement often, which is a joint inflammation from cartilage degeneration. Its main cause is age, heredity, injury from trauma. In total knee replacement surgery, a surgeon removes damaged cartilage and the bone surface of the knee joint and replace them with an artificial surface made up of metal or plastic.both the knees can also be replaced and the procedure known as bilateral knee replacement. Partial knee replacement process involves when a surgeon only replaces one part of your knee or joint.
Total Shoulder Replacement:- At your shoulder where upper arms connect to the body is a ball called and socket joint called glenoid. The treatment options are either replacement of just the head of the humorous bone (ball), or replacement of both the ball and the socket (glenoid). this one also age-related disease.
Total Elbow Replacement:- Elbow can be damaged by arthritis or by traumatic fractures and for severe pain elbow replacement is the cure doctors choose generally. In some cases, patients need replacement of just one portion of the joint as if the only head of one of forearm bone is damaged it is replaced by an artificial one. Sometimes both the head of the forearm is damaged then surgeon needs to replace the entire joint, the ends of the bones that come together in the elbow will be removed.
Angel healthcare will provide each and every service regarding patient’s medical requirement in the field of joint replacement surgery in India. Our team will connect with you at every aspect of your tour through peer to peer, telephonic and with e-mail support.